Hackberry is deciduous and perennial tree comprising the flowering plant genus Celtis in the plant family Ulmaceae. Hackberry trees are noxious weeds. Wood decay will kill the tree and make it unsafe for fear of falling over. – Hackberry, Deciduous tree; it drops its leaves in fall, Pyramidal shape in youth, spreading rounded shape in maturity, Bark of young trees appears covered with bumpy warts, but pattern changes to cork-like ridges as trees mature, ⅓ to ½ inch berry-like fruit called drupes that change from green to purple or reddish brown in autumn, Best soil properties for common hackberry, Sandy loams to clay soils, tolerates other, Soil pH 6.6 to 8.0, tolerates lower; Have your soil tested by the, Dry to wet soils and well-drained to poorly-drained soils, Transplants easily as a small bare root plant in spring or as a containerized or balled and burlapped plant throughout the growing season. Hackberry trees have a light yellow colored wood with a coarse grain. The hackberry makes an excellent shade tree since its spread is nearly 30 feet and for that reason, it is found shading many backyards nationwide. The common hackberry tree is known by several names including sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, American hackberry, and northern hackberry.The hackberry tree is very adaptable and that is one of the reasons you will find it lining so many streets across the country. Hackberry trees will live an average of 150 to 200 years when growing in favorable conditions. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. They grow very quickly, which is especially true when they are planted in moist conditions. The fruit is a dark purple drupe (berry-like), approximately 1/4 inch in diameter which remains on the tree most of the winter. I think it might technically be a pome, but whatever. The tree produces a small berry. Sugar Hackberry (Celtis laevigata) tree trunk. Prairie Pride Hackberry Tree; Magnifica Hackberry Tree; Hackberry, Facts and Info on Hackberry Trees Feature Hackberry Species: Common Hackberry Common Hackberry Celtis occidentalis Tolerant of a wide range of conditions, the Hackberry tree is a good landscape choice. Native Hackberry is a great way to have an impressive shade tree with ornamental appeal in less time than other large trees would require. The berries were often used to add flavor to food, while the wood from these trees … 2020 The linked blog has some great photos of the flowers at the end of the post. The northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis), also kown by a number of other names including, beaverwood, nettletree, American hackberry and simply, common hackberry.And also the southern hackberry (Celtis laevigata), also known as sugarberry. This is due to the fact that it produces pea-sized berries that attracts birds and animals to it. The hackberry tree is very adaptable and that is one of the reasons you will find it lining so many streets across the country. Though not known for fall color, it does produce sweet, edible fruit that attracts birds and other wildlife such as squirrels. These berries start off a light orange and will turn to a deep purple color when they are ripe, which happens in the fall. It is considered soft wood and isn’t terribly strong. Hackberry is the common name used for trees in the Celtis genus. I love hackberry trees. Pretty sure hackberry trees are self-fertile, though have read they depend on wind for pollination. It is able to grow in several soil conditions and can handle a wide range of environmental conditions as well, making it a popular tree for many. The trees produce fruit at approximately 8 to 9 years of age, or when they reach maturity, according to the North Dakota State University Extension; however, the trees are rarely planted for their fruits. It is related to the American elm and after the arrival of Dutch elm disease in Minnesota, hackberry often replaced American elms both in native forests and in planted landscapes. Red berries are a scary thing to eat in the wild if you don't know the edibility of the fruit. The leaves and berries of hackberry tree contain astringent properties. When pruning or doing other gardening tasks around or near a hackberry tree, it should be done with great care. Plant hackberry trees in almost any soil. The fruit of the hackberry is popular with winter birds, especially the cedar waxwing, mockingbird, and robin. Pruning should always take place during the dormant season to avoid accidentally wounding the tree and causing wood decay. Regents of the University of Minnesota. Its botanical name is Celtis occidentalis, and it is a relative of elm trees but with larger leaves and distinctive dark berries. It establishes easily and grows well in urban landscapes because of its wide soil adaptability and its tolerance of heat, drought, salt spray, wind, ice, and short-term flooding. Some common varieties of Hackberry are: Green Cascade, Prairie Sentinel, Prairie Pride and Magnifica. – Hackberry for a list of the most common hackberry pests and stresses in Minnesota. The first 15 years of its life depend on correct pruning to ensure the development of the tree is healthy and the structure sturdy. Scientific name: Celtis spp. I should have recognized its value from that alone. When you have a young hackberry tree on your property, regular pruning is essential to healthy growth. Celtis occidentalis grows as a tree … The persistent fruits attract many birds that also find the tree to be a suitable nesting site. Hackberry bears bright green leaves that turn yellow in autumn. © 2016 Milam’s Tree Service. These small, pea-sized berries ripen in the fall, usually between September and October, and have many uses. Hackberry (C. occidentalis) is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and central Minnesota.It is related to the American elm and after the arrival of Dutch elm disease in Minnesota, hackberry often replaced American elms both in native forests and in planted landscapes. is a hardwood deciduous tree that bears tiny red/purple, edible fruits.Two very similar species exist. Much of the fruit remains on the tree throughout winter until it is eaten by birds. Hackberry forms a rounded vase reaching a height of 40 to 80 feet, is a rapid grower, and transplants easily. For one thing, their bark is gorgeous; its deep ridges and knotty texture really stands out in a native landscape. They can also be found in northern and central South America and in southern to central Africa. The common hackberry tree is known by several names including sugarberry, nettletree, beaverwood, American hackberry, and northern hackberry. It's berries could fall to the ground, and my mother warned me about getting hackberry stains on my backside. All rights reserved. Here is a link that might be useful: Hackberry flower photos at end of post All rights reserved. It seems the stain was reluctant to come out of clothing. If there is evidence of extensive wood decay, the tree should be removed for safety reasons. Pests and stresses: Visit What's wrong with my plant? Hackberry (Celtis spp.) Hackberry (C. occidentalis) is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and central Minnesota. Plant form of common hackberry. Moot point if the tree is not flowering for some reason. So yeah, it is the fruit of the hackberry that we are interested in for food. One of the few liabilities of this species is the presence of disfiguring witches brooms that can be seen throughout the crown of some trees during winter. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Hackberry's wood is light yellow; heavy, soft, coarse-grained, not strong. Hackberry Tree Info. (occidentalis, laevigata) Abundance: plentiful What: berries How: raw, dried, preserves Where: moist, sunny areas When: fall when berries are red, orange, or purple Nutritional Value: calories, protein Ripe hackberry fruit. ft., 45.41 lb (20.60 kg). The Native Americans used the extracts of the hackberry tree to treat common health problems like colds, sore throats and coughs. Julie Weisenhorn, Extension educator; Kathy Zuzek former Extension educator; and Rebecca Koetter. For this reason, it is easily susceptible to disease and rot. There are 60 to 70 species of hackberry that can be found in temperate climate around the world. Because of the berries it produces that are so attractive to birds, you will often see hackberry trees along fence lines and power lines where the birds have perched after eating the berries elsewhere. The dark red or purple drupes (berries) mature in late summer or early fall and persist on the tree through winter. The fruit is a popular food for birds and small mammalian wildlife. Extension is expanding its online education and resources to adapt to COVID-19 restrictions. The common hackberry tree is a tall tree averaging 30-50 feet tall. The trees produce a quality hardwood, are commonly scattered throughout the Northeast, the bark and berries are striking, and they make excellent shade and street specimens. At least that’s what I was taught growing up. © Hackberry trees also bear ¼-inch sized, dark purple pitted fruit (drupes) that are valuable food sources through the late winter months for a variety of bird species including flickers, cardinals, cedar waxwings, robins and brown thrashers. Why the hackberry is not a more well known tree is a complete mystery to me. It is a tree you will find in many parks in the United States. Unripe berries Sugar Hackberry (Celtis laevigata) tree. Visit What's wrong with my plant? The hackberry produces small, dark-red berries that turn purple as they mature. Hackberry is a Chicago-area native and a sturdy, tolerant shade tree for streets and parkways, or parks and other large areas. These trees are deep-rooted and often used to bring erosion under control. They can however, be found growing as tall as 100 feet. Given below are some of the health benefits offered by these amazing berries: Hackberries help reduce heavy menstrual bleeding. The bark of hackberry provides year-round interest in landscapes. Hackberry tree, also known as sugarberry, is deciduous tree that belongs to the hemp family. People often confuse hackberry with elm due to similarities in the shape and size of these two species. If you are wanting a tree that will attract a variety of birds and other animals, the hackberry will do just that. Pine Straw, Topsoil, Fill Dirt, River Sand & Wood Chips Supply. Planting Hackberry Trees. University of Minnesota Extension discovers science-based solutions, delivers practical education, and engages Minnesotans to build a better future. If there are any weak or dying branches present, they should be removed to encourage proper growth of the hackberry tree. Hackberry Tree held special medical value for the Native Americans, who used the bark of the hackberry tree for problems, viz., curing sore throat or venereal diseases, regulating the menstrual cycle, or even for inducing abortions. Use Windbreaks - Because of its ability to tolerate drought conditions, hackberry is a good choice for windbreak plantings. Hackberries are outstanding trees for … The edible fruit sweetens the deal as a fun and useful addition to an already outstanding tree. Hackberry trees are known for their corky texture and warty growths on the bark. Mimosa (Albizia julibrissin) What's wrong with it: Weedy, short-lived, insect- and disease-prone, … Hackberry is a genus of deciduous tree that grows dense in warmer climatic conditions. Parts of the hackberry trees have been used in the production of drugs so that should lead some credence that the Native Americans were correct in using the Hackberry tree for medical purposes. And they provide fabulous shade and an abundance of leaves for mulch in the fall. These berries appear tiny in size and have rich vitamin content. It was fun, though, to sit near the tree and to watch the birds and butterflies flit about its branches. If there is even the smallest injury to these trees an entry point for fungus and wood decay is made and can become a problem. The Houma Indians used hackberry bark to make a decoction for sore throats and a decoction mixed with powdered shells to treat venereal disease. The branches often droop which give this tree a cylindrical shape. If you are interested in learning more about professional tree services for your property including tree trimming & pruning, stump grinding & removal, and emergency tree removal, contact the knowledgeable experts at Milam’s Tree Service today. It bears berry type of fruits and grown as a commercial plant in regions of southern Europe, southern and eastern Asia, and southern and central North America, and also in some parts of Africa. These mid-sized trees are easily grown from cuttings or seeds, and grow quickly for the … Hackberry fruits somewhat resemble cherries; the fruits are drupes, with a thin fleshy pulp covering a stone. My parents would grumble and mutter about it taking over, spreading through our small woodlot like bindweed, popping up in the fence rows wherever the birds had rested on a wire, and dropping its litter of berries underfoot. Inside is a pit, that when scraped clean, reveals an interesting net-like pattern. Their long and widespread branches often work well as windbreakers, while the roots prevent the soil from eroding. Grows to a broad crown with arching branches, not unlike the American Elm. Hackberry is used as a shade tree or a boulevard tree. The hackberry tree is a common deciduous tree known by several names throughout the United States. The fruit is green as it grows and turns red when it ripens. It serves as a shade tree and is also used for firewood and for constructing inexpensive furniture. They grow on a long stem and turn purple when they ripen. It's berries are edible and were also used by Native Americans for medicinal purposes. One of my favorite things about the hackberry tree is the berries – they’re edible and super easy to find. The mature bark is light gray, bumpy, and corky, while its small, berry-like fruit turns … Its fleshy, purple-brown berries ripen in late summer and persist through winter. They grow throughout the warmer areas of the Northern Hemisphere—including throughout the United States, southern Europe, and Mexico, and in parts of Canada and Asia. It rots easily, making the wood undesirable commercially, although it is occasionally used for fencing and cheap furniture. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. Mulberry. The berries are safe for human consumption and the taste has been known to be similar to dates. A: I like hackberry trees more than most people seem to. Specific gravity, 0.7287; weight of cu. The Hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis) is one of the most unique trees native to North America, but you may not have heard of the Hackberry tree because it goes by many different names.If you would like to know everything that can be known about this tree you have come to the right place. The hackberry tree actually relies on the wildlife that enjoys the taste of its berries to spread its seeds and help it reproduce.
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