[13], The pintail walks well on land, and swims well. The pintail or northern pintail (Anas acuta) is a duck with wide geographic distribution that breeds in the northern areas of Europe and across the Palearctic and North America. [28], Hunting with lead shot, along with the use of lead sinkers in angling, has been identified as a major cause of lead poisoning in waterfowl, which often feed off the bottom of lakes and wetlands where the shot collects. In the Palaearctic, breeding populations are declining in much of the range, including its stronghold in Russia. In winter, it will utilise a wider range of open habitats, such as sheltered estuaries, brackish marshes and coastal lagoons. Juvenile birds resemble the female, but are less neatly scalloped and have a duller brown speculum with a narrower trailing edge. This molt only results in a few stray feathers floating around. Pintail. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake pintail looks similar to the female, but retains the male upperwing pattern and long grey shoulder feathers. This moult results in the eclipse plumage which gives the male (drake) a much duller plumage similar to the female (duck). Breeding male Northern Pintails stand out with a gleaming white breast and a white line down their chocolate brown head and neck. [29] A Spanish study showed that northern pintail and common pochard were the species with the highest levels of lead shot ingestion, higher than in northern countries of the western Palearctic flyway, where lead shot has been banned. Once the flight feathers have regrown, the birds moult again, and by October the full colours are back and the various species of ducks are easily recognisable once more. [13], The male's call is a soft proop-proop whistle, similar to that of the common teal, whereas the female has a mallard-like descending quack, and a low croak when flushed. Generally it is the male (drake) that has the colourful plumage while the female (duck) has a more duller and drab appearance. [9] The three syntype specimens of Dafila modesta Tristram (Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 1886, p.79. I'd agree with Aiki, most likely a 1st winter male Pintail (although without a photo we can't really say for certain). [12], The winter diet is mainly plant material including seeds and rhizomes of aquatic plants, but the pintail sometimes feeds on roots, grain and other seeds in fields, though less frequently than other Anas ducks. Spring – Eclipse Molt. A claimed extinct subspecies from Manra Island, Tristram's pintail, A. a. modesta, appears to be indistinguishable from the nominate form. We stopped off at South Lagoon where the star bird was a semi-eclipse drake Pintail. In the Summer after the breeding season (or start of the non-breeding season) the male (drake) begins to moult, shedding all their feathers including the flight feathers. In flight, the male shows a black speculum bordered white at the rear and pale rufous at the front, whereas the female's speculum is dark brown bordered with white, narrowly at the front edge but very prominently at the rear, being visible at a distance of 1,600 m (0.99 mi). A drake Green-winged teal just coming out of eclipse plumage was on the Island lake in the late morning, A pair of Pintail were on the New workings, 13 Curlew came down to the Island lake, Also seen was 4 Stonechats (Cell 'B'), 2 Swallows over Cell 'C', a Green sandpiper (Cell 'C'), … It is a shallow scrape on the ground lined with plant material and down. [7], Eaton's pintail has two subspecies, A. e. eatoni (the Kerguelen pintail) of Kerguelen Islands, and A. e. drygalskyi (the Crozet pintail) of Crozet Islands, and was formerly considered conspecific with the Northern Hemisphere's northern pintail. This moult results in the eclipse plumage which gives the male (drake) a much duller plumage similar to the female (duck). The precocial downy chicks are then led by the female to the nearest body of water, where they feed on dead insects on the water surface. Wigeon In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake pintail looks similar to the female, but retains the male upperwing pattern and long grey shoulder feathers. The northern pintail is a bird of open wetlands which nests on the ground, often some distance from water. The hens are much less conspicuous, having primarily gray and brown plumage. Photo Credit: Alex Hillier. Spring planting means that many nests of this early breeding duck are destroyed by farming activities,[27] and a Canadian study showed that more than half of the surveyed nests were destroyed by agricultural work such as ploughing and harrowing. Chiffchaff 3 singing. Song Thrush 2 singing. Some ducks have a very spectacular and colourful plumage such as the Mandarin, American Wood Duck, and Baikal Teal to name just a few. [17], It is susceptible to a range of parasites including Cryptosporidium, Giardia, tapeworms, blood parasites and external feather lice,[18][19][20][21] and is also affected by other avian diseases. The drake is more striking, having a thin white stripe running from the back of its chocolate-coloured head down its neck to its mostly white undercarriage. [13] The Pintail walks well on land, and swims well. [8] Location: Pennington … Share your passion for birds, wildlife & all things nature with the RSPB Community. There are thirteen Teal on Folly Pond today, a solitary Tufted Duck was on Whooper Pond at closing time last night and we even had a drake Pintail and some Wigeon earlier on the week on Folly Pond. Adult males have typically moulted out of eclipse by November, so could easily still be showing some signs of eclipse plumage but should be largely in 'breeding' plumage. Dunlin were by far the most numerous species with approximately 450 birds, 110 Ringed Plover, a juvenile Sanderling , 2 juvenile Curlew Sandpiper , 7 Little Stint (one partial summer adult), 3 Ruff and a Little Ringed Plover. [34] It is therefore not believed to meet the IUCN Red List threshold criterion of a population decline of more than 30% in ten years or three generations, and is evaluated as of least concern. Human activities, such as agriculture, hunting and fishing, have also had a significant impact on numbers. The pintail walks well on land, and swims well. Phew! Each species of duck listed below will show three photos including the male in breeding plumage, female, and male in eclipse plumage for comparison. [[|[12]]] The Pintail walks well on land, and swims buoyantly. Status: Offline. VII, "Phylogeny and biogeography of dabbling ducks (genus, "The evolution of postcopulatory displays in dabbling ducks (Anatini): a phylogenetic perspective", "A phylogenetic analysis and classification of recent dabbling ducks (Tribe Anatini) based on comparative morphology", "Occurrence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia in Wild Ducks along the Rio Grande River Valley in Southern New Mexico", "Disease emergence in birds: Challenges for the twenty-first century", 10.1642/0004-8038(2001)118[0290:DEIBCF]2.0.CO;2, "Avian influenza tests complete on wild northern pintail ducks in Montana", "U.S. It feeds by dabbling for plant food and adds small invertebrates to its diet during the nesting season. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake Pintail looks similar to the female, but retains the male upperwing pattern and long grey shoulder feathers. Bird Identification Q&A. (4) Tl:c characters in combination. [16] If predators destroy the first clutch, the female can produce a replacement clutch as late as the end of July. [11], Around three-quarters of chicks live long enough to fledge, but not more than half of those survive long enough to reproduce. The unmistakable breeding plumaged male has a chocolate-brown head and white breast with a white stripe extending up the side of the neck. The wing patch behind the speculum is gray. The specimens were collected by J. V. Arundel in Sydney Island (Manra Island), Phoenix Islands in 1885 and came to the Liverpool national collection via Canon Henry Baker Tristram's collection which was purchased in 1896. It is often the dominant species in major mortality events from avian botulism and avian cholera,[22] and can also contract avian influenza, the H5N1 strain of which is highly pathogenic and occasionally infects humans. The eclipse drake Pintail was joined by an eclipse drake Shoveler, the usual Common Teal flock were scattered far and wide on the waters of the tank. [2] The scientific name comes from two Latin words: anas, meaning "duck", and acuta, which comes from the verb acuere, "to sharpen"; the species term, like the English name, refers to the pointed tail of the male in breeding plumage. Saturday 8th September . In the Spring, the male (drake) requires its colourful plumage to attract a mate during the breeding season. This page contains photos of male ducks which have an eclipse plumage in the Summer. [8], Both sexes reach sexual maturity at one year of age. [14] In parts of the range, such as Great Britain and the northwestern United States, the pintail may be present all year. The adults can take flight to escape terrestrial predators, but nesting females in particular may be surprised by large carnivores such as bobcats. Unusually for a bird with such a large range, it has no geographical subspecies if the possibly conspecific duck Eaton's pintail is considered to be a separate species. pl. [11], Pintail nests and chicks are vulnerable to predation by mammals, such as foxes and badgers, and birds like gulls, crows and magpies. Unusually for a species with such a large range, northern pintail has no geographical subspecies if Eaton's pintail is treated as a separate species.[8]. The distinctive tail feathers have led to some of the nicknames for Northern Pintail Ducks that include ‘sprig’, ‘spike’, and ‘spiketail’. In 1997, an estimated 1.5 million water birds, the majority being northern pintails, died from avian botulism during two outbreaks in Canada and Utah. It is highly gregarious outside the breeding season and forms very large mixed flocks with other ducks. No need to register, buy now! The female (duck) tends to moult slightly later when the ducklings are older. This is a record of my field trips with a few photographs to add to the interest. On O Reservoir were several Great Crested Grebes. [8] It has a very fast flight, with its wings slightly swept-back, rather than straight out from the body like other ducks. The female prepares for copulation, which takes place in the water, by lowering her body; the male then bobs his head up and down and mounts the female, taking the feathers on the back of her head in his mouth. The pintails are sometimes separated in the genus Dafila (described by Stephens, 1824), an arrangement supported by morphological, molecular and behavioural data. This eclipse plumage is why in mid-summer, it seems as though all the drakes have gone. In other regions, populations are stable or fluctuating. [16] Populations are also affected by the conversion of wetlands and grassland to arable crops, depriving the duck of feeding and nesting areas. BirdForum - The net's largest birding community, dedicated to wild birds Attenborough Nature Reserve - Green Sandpiper [Ridge and Furrow]. Both sexes have a pale blue bill with a black tip, a white belly, and gray legs and feet. Title: Juvenile drake Northern Pintail in eclipse plumage? There were a few more Teal on SMW, but not a great deal more. Permalink . A white neck ring also occurs as a transient character in some eclipse drake Pintail*, Anas acuta Linnaeus and in immature to first winter drake Shoveler*, Anas clypeata Linnaeus. Posted by Simon Colenutt at 17:00. The eclipse plumage is worn for a few weeks or months, depending on the species of duck, before another moult occurs when the male (drake) will once again regain its colourful breeding plumage and can begin to attract a mate before the breeding season starts. The male mates with the female by swimming close to her with his head lowered and tail raised, continually whistling. The hen's plumage is more subtle and subdued, with drab brown feathers similar to those of other female dabbling ducks. [35], Pintails in North America at least have been badly affected by avian diseases, with the breeding population falling from more than 10 million in 1957 to 3.5 million by 1964. Both sexes have blue-grey bills and grey legs and feet. [24][25] Although one of the world's most numerous ducks,[16] the combination of hunting with other factors has led to population declines, and local restrictions on hunting have been introduced at times to help conserve numbers. Eclipse Drake Hen. Juvenile birds resemble the female, but are less neatly scalloped and have a duller brown speculum with a narrower trailing edge. [3] [30] In the United States, Canada, and many western European countries, all shot used for waterfowl must now be non-toxic, and therefore may not contain any lead.[31][32][33]. Length—26" Weight—1¾ lbs. [26], This species' preferred habitat of shallow water is naturally susceptible to problems such as drought or the encroachment of vegetation, but this duck's habitat might be increasingly threatened by climate change. Its upperparts and sides are grey, but elongated grey feathers with black central stripes are draped across the back from the shoulder area. Although the species has recovered from that low point, the breeding population in 1999 was 30% below the long-term average, despite years of major efforts focused on restoring the species. Females and males that are molting (eclipse plumage) are mottled in browns and whites with an unmarked pale tan face and a dark bill. Eclipse drake pintail and the first returning wigeon this morning. After mating, he raises his head and back and whistles. Juvenile birds resemble the female, but are less neatly scalloped and have a duller brown speculum with a narrower trailing edge. Small numbers migrate to Pacific islands, particularly Hawaii, where a few hundred birds winter on the main islands in shallow wetlands and flooded agricultural habitats. Hens make a coarse quack and the drakes a flute-like whistle. The feathers of a duck including the colour, patterns, and arrangement of these feathers are called the plumage. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake Pintail looks similar to the female, but retains the male upperwing pattern and long grey shoulder feathers. Mistle Thrush 1 singing plus 1. In the early spring, sexually mature drakes will have what is called an eclipse molt. Juvenile birds resemble the female, but are less neatly scalloped and have a duller brown speculum with a narrower trailing edge. It is migratory and winters south of its breeding range to the equator. [8] In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake pintail looks similar to the female, but retains the male upperwing pattern and long grey shoulder feathers. The eclipse plumage is worn for a few weeks or months, depending on the species of duck, before another moult occurs when the male (drake) will once again regain its colourful breeding plumage and can begin to attract a mate before the breeding season starts. The chicks fledge in 46 to 47 days after hatching, but stay with the female until she has completed moulting. A flock of nrthern pintail waterfowl is flying in the sky in north Idaho. If there is a group of males, they will chase the female in flight until only one drake is left. My main interest has been birds but recently I have become interested in butterflies and moths but find the moths very difficult at times and some remain unidentified. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake pintail looks similar to the female, but retains the male upperwing pattern and long grey shoulder feathers. The northern pintail has a large range, estimated at 28,400,000 km2 (11,000,000 sq mi), and a population estimated at 5.3–5.4 million individuals. [13][15], The northern pintail's breeding habitat is open unwooded wetlands, such as wet grassland, lakesides or tundra. Sexual dimorphism is much less marked in the southern pintails, with the male's breeding appearance being similar to the female plumage. A female Northern Pintail Duck, called a hen, has gradations of tan plumage on the face and body. High Tide: 11:38, 8.8m Fish and Wildlife Service Proposes Duck Hunting Regulations, Limited Canvasback Season Re-Opened", "Losing ground: The top 10 common birds in decline", "Service continues to expand non-toxic shot options", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Northern_pintail&oldid=991549181, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 17:16. In non-breeding (eclipse) plumage, the drake pintail looks similar to the female, but retains the male upperwing pattern and long grey shoulder feathers. Attenborough Nature Reserve - OSPREY [through south, 17:52], GARGANEY [eclipse drake, Clifton Pit, from tower hide, 17:07]. The drake also has attractive grey, brown, and black patterning on its back and sides. This species was first described by Carl Linnaeus in his landmark 1758 10th edition of Systema Naturae as Anas acuta. Juvenile birds resemble the female, but are less neatly scalloped and have a duller brown speculum with a narrower trailing edge. Main / Village bay 1030-1230. c300 Golden plover circling to north ( over Wormstal wood) -2 red kites & peregrine in same area -closer views from near selby fork later by Keith B and Joe S) Whooper swan by islands and eclipse drake Goosander by sluice. Labels: Pennington Marsh, pintail, wigeon. The eclipse plumage is much duller than the breeding plumage and often the male will resemble the female duck. Posts: 931.

eclipse drake pintail

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